Department of Ethnology
- About the Department
- History of Department
- Lecturers' schedule
- Teaching materials
About the Department
The department runs such courses as “Ethnology of Ukraine”, Ethnography museum management”, “Ethnography of Slavonic countries”, “Theoretical ethnology”, “History of Ukrainian ethnography”, “Methods of Ethnographic Fieldwork”, ” Essentials of Anthropology”.
Apart from teaching, the staff of the department of ethnology is involved in research. A series of articles on ethnocultural and ethnopolitical Ukrainian-Polish relationships were written by Professor S.A. Makarchuk.
The original articles on public building, public transport and the culture of the population of Polissia were published by Docents R.B. Siletskyi and M.S. Hlushko, participants of Ukrainian scholarly expeditions to Polissia areas polluted by radioactive materials.
In 2003, M.S.Hlushko published his monograph “The Genesis of Animal Harness in Ukraine”. Here the author investigates the origin of using an ox and a horse as draft animals in Ukraine as well as the beginning and development of their harness. M.S. Hlushko organically combines the wealth of archive and literary information with facts collected as a result of his numerous expeditions to almost 700 places within two decades. In 2004, he presented a doctoral dissertation on the basis of this work. On April 3, 2005, M. Hlushko obtained a position of a Professor of the Department of Ethnology.
A detailed analysis of the academic legacy of the prominent Ukrainian scholar Fedir Vovk can be found in the book on the topic “Fedir Vovk” (New York, 1997) and the doctoral dissertation “F.Vovk’s Social and Political activity” authored by O.O.Franko (the doctoral dissertation was defended in May 2000 in Kyiv). Professor O.O.Franko is currently investigating works of such distinguished Ukrainian scholars as Vadym Shcherbakivskyi and Danylo Shcherbakivskyi, Oleksandr Kistiakivskyi, Ivan Franko. The researcher is also one of the compilers of “The Diary” by O. Kistiakivskyi: O.F.Kistiakivskyi. The diary.1874-1879. 1880-1885”, which was published in 1994-1995 in two volumes. Since 2004 O.O.Franko has been working as a Professor of the Department of Ethnology.
In 2011, a monograph by Docent R.B. Siletskyi, the Chairperson of the Department, was issued. The monograph focuses on the complex study of construction rituals conventional for Ukrainians. Results indicate that this domain of traditional culture of Ukrainian nation is based on beliefs associated with the cult of ancestor and deceased worship as well as archaic ideas of the existence of different categories of the dead and corresponding ways of their burial and commemoration of graves. On the basis of this work the scholar defended his doctoral dissertation in 2012.
Docent H. V. Rachkovskyi studied types and forms of rural settlements, their nature, types and kinds of farmers’ constructions as well as traditional folk dwellings on Galicia-Volyn historical and political frontier. The findings resulted in a thesis. In 2004 he obtained the position of Docent of the Department of Ethnology. The scholar has prepared and is currently delivering courses of lectures on “Introduction to Ethnology”, “The Genesis of the Ukrainian Nation”, “Ethnology of European Peoples” as well as special courses “Settlement and Courtyard” and “Gypsies in Ukraine”.
Since 2002, a researcher of the Ethnology Institute of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, V.V.Halaichuk has worked part-time at the department of Ethnology in Lviv National University. In 2005 being a Candidate of Philology, he obtained the position of Docent of the Department of Ethnology. He is currently delivering courses of lectures on “Ethnolinguistics”, “Ukrainian Folklore”, “Demonology of Ukrainians” etc.
In 2011 the position of a lecturer was obtained by a post-grad alumnus R.B. Tarnavskyi. He carried out a complex investigation about spring-cleaning and supriaha (a special form of working together when a few settlements used their cattle to perform agricultural work) in the South-Western historical and ethnographic region of Ukraine. In 2012, on the basis of this investigation the scholar presented his candidate dissertation and is currently conducting courses of lectures on “Ethnology at Lviv University” and “Ukrainian Rural Community”.
In 2011 the position of a Senior Laboratory Assistant was held by a post-grad alumnus Hilevych I.Ya. In 2012 he defended his thesis on ethnographic investigation of Polissia area in the second half of the 20th – the beginning of the 21st century. This paper first demonstrates an attempt to analyze the process of ethnographic investigation of a separate historical and ethnographic region by means of field experience with ethnographic resources.
The researchers of the department as well as other lecturers of the Faculty of History published a collection of scholarly articles “Halychyna: Ethnic History” (2008). Research theme “Folk Culture of Middle Polissia (based on field experience in post-Chornobyl ethnographic expeditions)” was carried out by the lecturers and the students of the department as well as by some researchers from other ethnological centers of Ukraine. Findings of the research were published in the bulletin “University Visnyk. History series” (2008. Vol.43).
The staff of the department enrich scientific and educational traditions with new researches. Among them there are numerous dissertations defended by post-grad alumni (Olexandr Turchak “Lemky Rural Community”,1996; Ivan Terliuk “The Russians of the Western Regions of Ukraine”(1944-1996): Ethnic and Social Research”, 1997; Zoriana Komarynska “Ethnic and Social Development of Vynnyky. 1944-1999”, 2001; Hryhoriy Rachkovskyi “The Settlements, Dwellings and Courtyards on the Halychyna and Volyn Historical and Political Frontier“, 2003; Oksana Sheremeta “Volodymyr Hnatiuk and Ukrainian Ethnology in the late 19th to the early 20th century”, 2003; Sergiy Behei “Transfer and Division of Inheritance in Farmers’ Families in Galicia in the 19th century to the 1930s”, 2003; Oksana Hodovanska “Folk Gardening of Opillia in the 20th century”, 2006; Yuriy Siletskyi “Ethnic Heterostereotypes in Conventional Outlook of Ukrainians”, 2009; Nadiya Levkovych “Folk Demonology in Boikivshchyna”, 2010; Petro Chorniy “Ethnic Groups of Halychyna in the Inter-war Period” (1919–1939): Demographic and Ethnocultural Processes”, 2011; Ihor Hilevych “Field Experience in Ethnographic Investigation of Polissia in Ukraine (the second half of the 20th to the early 21st century”, 2012; Inna Pakholok “Ukrainian Zeleni Sviata: Traditions, Customs and Rites”, 2012; Roman Tarnavskyi “Spring-cleaning and Supriaha in Farmers’ Everyday Life in the South-Western Historical and Ethnographic Region of Ukraine: Cultural and Genetic Problem”, 2012; Yuriy Pukivskyi “Spring Rituals of Ukrainians in Historical and Ethnographic Volyn (general ethnic features and local character)”, 2014).
Some other topical issues are in the scope of postgraduate students’ researches (“Winter Rituals of Ukrainians in Opillia: Invariant Features and Local character” by Solomiya Roman, “Traditional Birth Rituals in Historical and Ethnographic Volyn: General Features and Local Character” by Ivanna Liuta; “Summer Rituals of Volyn Residents: General Features and Local Character” by Mariya Bahlai; “Volodymyr Shuhevych’s Ethnographic Activities” by Andriy Karpenko).
Postgraduate students carried out their investigations in the scope of history and ethnology. Thus they defended their theses in the speciality “History of Ukraine”: “The condition of Polish Nobility in Podillia in the Inter-riot Period between 1830–1831 and 1863”, 1997 by Olexandr Koziy, “German Colonization in Volyn (the 1860s to 1914)”, 1999 by Mykhailo Kostuik, “Ethnocultural Life and Official Status of Kholmshchyna and Pidliashshia in Russian, Polish, Ukrainian Public and Political Thought (1909–1912)”, 2004 by Natalia Zakharchyn, “Greek Catholic Church in Social and Political Life in Halychyna (1848–1867)”, 1994 by Oleh Turiy, “Ivan Franko’s Academic and Publishing Activity in Shevchenko Scholarly Society”, 1995 by Andriy Franko.
Professor O.O. Franko is a member of the Specialized Academic Councils at the Ivan Krypiakevych Institute of Ukrainian studies and the Ethnology Institute of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in speciality “Ethnology”. Professor M.S.Hlushko is a member of the Specialized Academic Council at the M.T.Rylskyi Institute of Music and Folklore Studies and Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in speciality “Ethnology”. Professor S. A. Makarchuk, Professor M. S. Hlushko, Professor O. O. Franko and Docent R. B. Siletskyi were official opponents in speciality “Ethnology”.
Postgraduates’ papers are supervised by Professors M. S. Hlushko and O. O. Franko as well as by Docents R. B. Siletskyi and V. V. Halaichuk. The department closely cooperates with the Institute of Ethnology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in Lviv and maintains close contacts with the department of ethnology and area studies at the Taras Shevchenko National University in Kyiv, with the department of archaeology and ethnology at the Illia Mechnikov National University in Odesa, with the relevant departments in Chernivtsi, Uzhorod, Volyn Universities, the University “Ostroh Academy” and with the Pedagogical Academy in Cracov, Catholic University and Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, the Pedagogical college of higher education in Riashiv (Poland).
The department stores and constantly updates a rich collection of cultural and household relics of Ukrainians: tools and homemade goods, items of clothing, weaving, embroidering, folk art, household items etc. Doctor O.O.Franko is responsible for the study of the collection as well as its storing.
The department archive consists of more than 500 reports of fieldwork investigations carried out by lecturers, postgraduates and students in different historical and ethnographic regions of Ukraine.
Literature about the department:
Макарчук С. Етнології кафедра // Encyclopedia. Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка : в 2 т. Т. І : А–К . – Львів : ЛНУ імені Івана Франка, 2011. – С. 484–485.
Макарчук С. Побачене, почуте, пережите : мемуарні мініатюри / Степан Макарчук ; [ред. Роман Тарнавський]. – К. : Атіка, 2015. – 219 с.
Тарнавський Р. Етнології (етнографії та етнології) кафедра // Encyclopedia. Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка : в 2 т. Т. І : А–К. – Львів : ЛНУ імені Івана Франка. 2011, – С. 483.
Тарнавський Р. Етнології зі спеціальним оглядом етнографії польських земель кафедра // Encyclopedia. Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка : в 2 т. Т. І : А–К. – Львів : ЛНУ імені Івана Франка, 2011. – С. 483–484.
Тарнавський Р. Етнологічний інститут (заклад) // Encyclopedia. Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка : в 2 т. Т. І : А–К. – Львів : ЛНУ імені Івана Франка, 2011. – С. 485.
History of Department
The history of the Department of Ethnology can be divided into four major periods: 1) the development of ethnography at Lviv University before the creation of the first Department of Ethnology (second half of 17th – early 20th century.); 2) activities of departments and institutions (institutes) of ethnological orientation (1910–1940); 3) scientific work of ethnologists of Lviv University in the structures of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (middle –second half of the twentieth century); 4) restoration of the Department of Ethnology at the University and its activities at the present stage (the end of 20 –21 centuries). In 1988, thanks to the efforts of Stepan Makarchuk, the course “Ethnography of Ukraine” was introduced into the curriculum of History Faculty, which allowed to rename the Department of History of the USSR into the Department of History and Ethnography of Ukraine (1989). Department of Ethnology, was established in 1995 as a result of the division of the Department of History and Ethnography of Ukraine. Since 2001, the department has been headed by Professor Roman Siletskyi. They perform scientific seminars and field ethnographic expeditions-practices. The territories surveyed by the teachers of modern Department of Ethnology from the time of the first field expeditions-practices in 1998 and to this day, cover Boykivshchyna, Hutsulshchyna, Pokuttya, Opillya, Nadsyannia, Volhynia and Polissya. The last field ethnographic expedition-practice of the Department of Ethnology took place in the summer of 2019 on the Boyko territory of Stryj district of Lviv region. So far, the archives of the department have collected more than 700 cases of field research materials gathered by teachers, postgraduate students and students of the department in different historical and ethnographic regions of Ukraine.
|Associate ProfessorVolodymyr Halaichuk||Associate Professor|
|Associate ProfessorIhor Hilevych||Associate Professor|
|Associate ProfessorHryhorii Rachkovskyi||Associate Professor|
|Associate ProfessorRoman Tarnavskyi||Associate Professor|
|Department SecretaryValeriia Tkachenko||Department Secretary|
Slavonic Ethnography (conducted by Docent R.B. Siletskyi)
Ethnology at Lviv University (conducted by Lecturer R.B. Tarnavskyi)
Slavonic Mythology (conducted by Docent V.V.Halaichuk)
Slavonic Mythology. 3rd year (conducted by Docent V.V.Halaichuk)
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